Michael.Chamberland 23274MJC at MSU.EDU
Sun Jan 29 17:39:00 CST 1995

Could anyone explain the biliographical term "preprint" in regards to
date of effective publication?

For example:  The Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
vol. III  was published in 1857.  Within this volume are recorded the
"minutes" from several annual meetings.  On the meeting of May 27, 1856,
George Engelmann described several new taxa of plants, and these descriptions
are included here.  Many authors have cited the 1856 date as the date these
new taxa were published.  This date of publication has been described as
"1857, but preprint issued 1856".
According to the International code of Botanical Nomenclature 1994, Art 29.1,
publication is not effected by communication of new names at a public meeting.
Are we to assume that Engelmann distributed a leaflet or other printed matter
communicating these names at the meeting?  If so, should not this document,
rather than the compiled minutes within the Proceedings of the American
Academy of Sciences, be considered the original publication?

Is there a text which gives recommendations on how to deal with such
bibliographical conundrums?

Michael Chamberland

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