Ken_Hill at RBGSYD.GOV.AU
Fri Nov 24 08:46:55 CST 1995
A couple of points in response to the questions raised by Fred Rickson
in this forum, and others privately:
1. `Pine' as a common name is generally used for members of the genus
Pinus in the Northern Hemisphere. European settlers in the Southern
Hemisphere in the 18th and 19th centuries felt the need to retain some
familiarity with their former homes, and used many Northern Hemisphere
vernacular names for quite different organisms, be they plants, birds,
fish etc. Consequently, `pine' has been used in Southern Hemisphere
countries for a range of different conifers that are not even in the
same family as the Northern Hemisphere pines. Many of these common
names are listed in Dallimore & Jackson's handbook of conifers,
published in England. Other Araucariaceae in Australia are known as
`Bunya Pine', `Hoop Pine' and `Norfolk Island Pine', with `Klinkii
Pine' in New Guinea, and `Plum Pine' for Podocarpus. `Wollemi Pine'
was a name chosen because some name was needed for the public
announcements and conservation actions, and a botanical name was not
then available. It also fitted with the above local usages, which,
after all, are what vernacular names are.
2. Distinguishing characters that define the new genus are given in
the forthcoming publication. In summary, some characters are shared
with Agathis, some are shared with Araucaria, and others are unique.
Morphological cladistics do not resolve relationships, but our DNA
studies indicate that the Wollemi Pine is a sister to Agathis, not
Araucaria. Internal seed-cone morphology is also much more similar to
that of Agathis.
Ken Hill email: ken at rbgsyd.gov.au
Senior Botanist phone: +61 2 231 8160
National Herbarium of NSW fax: +61 2 251 7231
Royal Botanic Gardens
Sydney NSW 2000, AUSTRALIA
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