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Una Smith una.smith at YALE.EDU
Wed Dec 10 07:54:50 CST 1997

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Date: Wed, 10 Dec 1997 07:54:28 -0500 (EST)
From: Una Smith <una at>
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To: Zhiwei Liu <liu.zhiwei at ENTOM.SLU.SE>
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Subject: Re: origin of angiosperms
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On Wed, 10 Dec 1997, Zhiwei Liu wrote:

>...a new fossil species of Juglandaceae, Pterocarya sinoptera Kuang has
>been described from ***Middle Jurassic*** ... (Kuang, 1996, Rheedea 6(1):
>How the paleobotanist community interprete the new discovery and
>'incorporate' it in the general framework of the accepted angiosperm
>origination scenario.

Either the conventional scenario (not everyone accepts it) is wrong or
the fossil is not an angiosperm, OR BOTH.

As I have not seen the paper in question, I cannot say whether this new
fossil is an angiosperm.  However, there have been numerous reports of
Jurassic angiosperms, all based on poor or ambiguous material, none of
them widely accepted.  Check either of the recent paleobotany textbooks
for references.  There are 3 lines of evidence (macrofossils, pollen,
and molecular "clocks"), and interesting new papers in all three areas
have appeared in the past few years.

        Una Smith               Department of Biology
                                Yale University
        una.smith at      New Haven, CT  06520-8104  USA


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