Help with Araecerus

Ken Kinman kinman at HOTMAIL.COM
Wed Dec 6 10:52:11 CST 2000

      I don't the details of this situation, but I am a little curious.
Correct me if I am wrong, but isn't fasciculatus Degeer, 1775 the designated
type species of Araecerus.
      If so, how did Zimmerman justify continued use of the generic name
Araecerus for the coffee bean weevil?  Seems to me that it would be
difficult to justify this unless some new types were designated and/or an
application was made for ICZN action of some kind.
                    Just curious,
>From: Riaan Stals ?? <VREHRS at PLANT5.AGRIC.ZA>
>Reply-To: Riaan Stals ?? <VREHRS at PLANT5.AGRIC.ZA>
>Subject: Re: Help with Araecerus
>Date: Wed, 6 Dec 2000 09:01:17 +0200
> > The coffee bean weevil is listed in most of the literature that I have
> > seen as Araecerus fasciculatus (Degeer, 1775). In E.C. Zimmerman,
> > 1994, Australian Weevils, Volume I, Anthribidae to Attelabidae, it
> > appears as A. coffeae (Fabricius, 1801). Can anyone tell me which is
> > correct?
>Zimmerman's 1994 interpretation is correct. A. fasciculatus
>auctorum (nec DeGeer, 1775!) is based on a misidentification. This
>nomenclatorial mixup was already noticed by Holloway (1982)
>[Fauna of New Zealand Number 3: Anthribidae], who erroneously
>interpreted the Fabricius name as a junior synonym of the DeGeer
>name. R. Frieser (in litt.) already employed the name A. coffeae
>(F.) in 1987, 1989 and 1992.
>Zimmerman's (1994) nomenclatorial correction (restoring the
>Fabricius name) certainly caused instability in the nomenclature.
>There has, however, been no application (of which I am aware) to
>the ICZN to suppress the Fabricius name, and I am not certain
>whether there are "legal" grounds for doing so.
>I have, however, experienced resistance from "applied"
>entomologists in South Africa to use the name A. coffeae (F.),
>since the name A. fasciculatus (DeGeer) is entrenched in the
>"applied" literature. Since the name A. fasciculatus (DeGeer) had
>been published so many times before Zimmerman (1994), I advise
>my "applied" collegues to use the name A. coffeae (F.), but to add
>to it something like "previously known as A. fasciculatus".
>Greetings from Africa, where the coffee bean weevil has decided to
>munch on our citrus.
>South African National Collection of Insects
>ARC - Plant  Protection  Research  Institute
>Private Bag X134  Pretoria 0002 South Africa
>Voice +27-12-323-8540    Fax +27-12-325-6998
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