Forskal or Forrskal (or something else) ?
Petersen, Mary Elizabeth (MSX)
MEPetersen at ZMUC.KU.DK
Tue Mar 7 14:07:01 CST 2000
Tuesday, 7 March 2000
As I wrote earlier in a note to Patrik Mráz, the spelling of Peter
Forsskål's family name is as given here, as also confirmed by Ib Friis and
others, but judging from Ib's references and mine, also the given name
(Peter/Pehr) has had more than one version. A slightly more recent
publication dealing with some of Forsskål's work is the following:
Yaron, I., T. Schiøtte & G. Wium-Andersen. 1986. A review of the molluscan
taxa described by P. Forsskål and C. Niebuhr with citation of original
descriptions, discussion of type-material available and selection of some
lectotypes. - Steenstrupia 12 (19): 157-203.
Finally, I sent Patrik misinformation when I stated that Forsskål
(1732-1763) had died in Mocca. I misread - it was the philologist Fr. von
Haven (1727-1763) who died (of malaria) in Mocca; Forsskål died in July 1763
in Yerim, also of malaria.
Dr. Mary E. Petersen
Assistant Editor, Steenstrupia
Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen
Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Tel +45-35 32 10 67 - Fax +45-35 32 10 10
E-mail: mepetersen at zmuc.ku.dk
From: Ib Friis [SMTP:ibf at BOT.KU.DK]
Sent: 07 March 2000 11:48
To: TAXACOM at USOBI.ORG
Subject: Re: Forskal or Forrskal (or something else) ?
Dear Colleagues subscribing to TAXACOM,
The spelling of Forsskål's name is controversial, as he himself was
consistent in this matter and died in Arabia before his large works
However, since the 12th International Botanical Congress in
Leningrad in 1975, it
has been unanimously agreed by systematic botanists that the
should be adopted.
This spelling was written into the International Code of Botanical
Art. 23(6), where it has been accepted ever since. More recferences
and his work has come into later versions of the International Code
Nomenclature, using the same spelling.
Together with a Swedish colleague I reviewed the situation in a note
botanical taxonomic journal, "Taxon." The reference is: Friis, I. &
1984. The spelling of Pehr Forsskål's family name. - Taxon 33: 668 -
The subject has also been touched upon in a publication by the RBG,
refernce is: Hepper, F. N. & I. Friis. 1994. The Plants of Pehr
Aegyptiaco-Arabica' - collected on the Royal Danish Expedition to
Egypt and the
Yemen 1761-63. - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (pp. i-xii & 1-400).
There is also a book in large folio on the expedition on which
Rasmussen, S.T. (ed), Den Arabiske Rejse, 1761-1767. Munksgaard. 2.
(there is also a French translation which should have been published
but I do not have the reference; an English translation does not
exists as yet).
However, in spite of publications in languages unknown to the
typical English or
American reader, the main point is that in Rasmussen's work, the
marine biologist Torben Wolff) and the botanist (myself) agree on
"Forsskål". Obviously, other zoologists, including the Finnish Pekka
may have a different opinion.
Botanical Museum and Library, Copenhagen
(where we have Forsskål's botanical collctions)
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