Don Les' Guide to Botanical Nomenclature

Don.Colless at CSIRO.AU Don.Colless at CSIRO.AU
Mon Feb 24 14:52:53 CST 2003

Who now remembers the "autotype" (scraped off the radiator after a 300km
drive), and the "kleptotype" (specimen stolen from another museum).

Don Colless
Div of Entomology, CSIRO, Canberra,
don.colless at
Tuz li munz est miens envirun

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Freek Vrugtman [mailto:vrugtman at INTERLYNX.NET]
> Sent: Monday, 24 February 2003 1:42 AM
> Subject: Don Les' Guide to Botanical Nomenclature
> Cheer-up for a cold winter day:
> Don Les' Guide to Botanical Nomenclature
> 1) cote-type: any type specimen damaged by doves or sheep.
> 2) epee-type: a type specimen in the genus Argyroxiphium
> (silversword) or Echinodorus (chain
> sword)
> 3) hole-o-type: the one specimen or illustration used by the
> author, or designated by the author as the nomenclatural
> type, that is riddled beyond recognition as the result of
> dermestid feeding damage.
> 4) ice-o-type: a hole-o-type that has been placed in the -20
> freezer with hopes of reducing the dermestid population.
> 5) knee-o-type: a type specimen characterized by a peculiar
> indentation attributable to the force applied by the
> botanist's knee on the plant press.
> 6) lek-to-type: any type specimen collected from the breeding
> grounds of the sage grouse or prairie chicken.
> 7) pare-a-type: a type specimen of a very rare taxon that has
> been whittled away to virtual nothingness by idiots seeking
> material for DNA analysis.
> 8) sin-type: the very first type specimen taken from the
> apple tree in the Garden of Eden.
> 9) Bayes-ionym: a simple nomenclatural approach whereby a
> taxon name is selected using Markov chain Monte Carlo
> simulation techniques to sample from the posterior
> distribution of all possible botanical names by transforming
> the names into a canonical cophenetic matrix and using a
> simple Metropolis proposal distribution to select the
> candidate names closest to the name currently entered in the chain.
> 10) ought-o-nym: a far more appropriate species name that
> SHOULD have been applied to the taxon rather than the one
> selected using the Bayes-ionym approach.
> 11) proto-log: a fossilized tree trunk used as a type specimen.
> 12) taught-o-nym: any scientific name learned in a Systematic
> Botany course
> 13) nomen knewed'em: former taught-o-nyms now long forgotten
> by aging, senile botanists
> -------------------------------------------------------------------
> stolen from Plant Science Bulletin
> Spring 2003 issue; Vol. 49, No. 1, p. 39.
> --------------------------------------------------------------------
> Addendum:
> 14) nepotype (pronounced Neepoh' type):  a type name formed
> from the name of a professor from whom you want favors,
>         or from a wealthy person who has sponsored your
> research, as in nepotism.

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