Linne or Linnaeous?

Thomas G. Lammers lammers at VAXA.CIS.UWOSH.EDU
Thu Feb 12 07:31:49 CST 2004

At 04:41 AM 2/12/04, you wrote:
>I don't know if there was a discussion on the name of Linne or Linnaeous
>before, but if you know the answer, please let me know. We see lots of
>cases of using both Linne and Linnaeous for authors in biological
>nomenclature. Someone told me Linne was trasformed into Linnaeous later,
>but another said Linnaeus came first and Linne was used later. Does anyone
>know which is correct, or which spelling should be used (or if either one
>is fine)? Is there any ruling by ICZN on which spelling should be used for
>in case of Linne (or Linnaeous)?

His father was named Linnaeus.  He created the name when he went to
university and was told he needed a surname.  It was based on a big linden
tree ("lin," Tilia europaea) at the family farm, "Linnegaard."  An uncle
created a similar surname for himself, Tiliander.

His son at birth was named Carl Linnaeus.  When he was ennobled by the
Swedish monarchy in 1770 (Order of the Polar Star), he took the name "Carl
von Linne."   I think this was more a title that a name.

His books were in Latin, so his first name was Latinized on the title page
to "Carolus."   A lot of people seem to think the "Linnaeus" was a
title-page Latinization of "Linne" but it was not.  "Linnaeus" was how his
father spelled the name.

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