More on the 'cladistics' of sequences

Stephen C. Carlson scarlson at MINDSPRING.COM
Fri Jun 4 16:59:39 CDT 2004

Back in 1997, a member of Taxacom posted a list of 17 references
for outgroup analysis:

Of those, the following four seem to be the most important:

Donoghue, M.J. and P.D. Cantino. 1984. The logic and limitations of the
outgroup substitution approach to cladistic analysis. Systematic Botany

Farris, J.S. 1982. Outgroups and parsimony. Systematic Zoology 31:328-334.

Stevens, P.F. 1980. Evolution of polarity of character states. Annual
Review of Ecology of Systematics 11:333-358.

Watrous, L.E. and Q.E. Wheeler. 1981. The out-group comparison method of
character analysis. Systematic Zoology 30:1-11.

Stephen Carlson

Stephen C. Carlson,
mailto:scarlson at
"Poetry speaks of aspirations, and songs chant the words."  Shujing 2.35

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