[Taxacom] Reprints of Fruits and seeds of genera in the subfamily Faboideae (Fabaceae) available
Joseph.Kirkbride at ARS.USDA.GOV
Wed Oct 31 15:45:02 CDT 2007
I have approximately 100 reprints of the following publication left. If
you want a free copy of this publication, please send me you full name
and mailing address.
Kirkbride, Joseph H., Jr., Charles R. Gunn, and Anna L. Weitzman. 2003.
Fruits and seeds of genera in the subfamily Faboideae (Fabaceae). U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. 1890, 1,212 pp.
Technical identification of fruits and seeds of the economically
important legume plant family (Fabaceae or Leguminosae) is often
required of U.S. Department of Agriculture personnel and other
agricultural scientists. This bulletin provides relevant information for
identifying faboid legumes.
Data are derived from extensive sampling of the species of 435 of the
452 genera of faboid legumes. The fruits and seeds of 18 of the genera
and only fruits of 7 other genera are unknown. Two keys provide for (1)
the differentiation of faboid from other legume seeds and (2) the
identification of faboid genera based on seed characters and rarely
An updated explanation and discussion of fruit and seed characters
precede the generic descriptions. The information on fruit characters
extends and corrects that presently in the literature. Nearly all
descriptive data on fruits and seeds are new.
In general, faboid legumes have been considered to lack endosperm. The
majority of faboid genera do have endosperm, although the most
agriculturally important legumes lack it. Lenses-testa structures often
contiguous to the hilum-occur in all three legume subfamilies, though
less frequently in Caesalpinioideae, and have no diagnostic value for
the subfamilies. No faboid seed has a pleurogram or pseudopleurogram,
while they are common in Mimosoideae and rare in Caesalpiniodeae. Some
seed characteristics are very useful for faboid generic identifications:
aril presence or absence, endosperm presence or absence, radicle
concealment by the cotyledons, cotyledon lobes over the radicle presence
or absence and condition, overall radicle shape, radicle tip shape, and
radicle length relative to that of the cotyledons.
Keywords: Abreae, Adesmieae, Aeschynomeneae, Amorpheae, androecial
sheath, areola, aril, Astragaleae, Bossiaeeae, Brongniartieae,
Caesalpiniaceae, Caesalpinioideae, calyx, Carmichaelieae, chalaza,
Cicereae, corolla, Coronilleae, cotyledon, cotyledon lobe,
cotyledonradicle junction, Crotalarieae, cuticle, Cytiseae, Dalbergieae,
Daleeae, dehiscence, DELTA, Desmodieae, Dipteryxeae, distribution,
embryo, embryonic axis, endocarp, endosperm, epicarp, epicotyl,
Euchresteae, Fabeae, fracture line, follicle, funiculus, Galegeae,
Genisteae, gynophore, halo, Hedysareae, hilar groove, hilar groove lips,
hilum, Hypocalypteae, hypocotyl, indehiscent, Indigofereae, interactive
computer, legume, Leguminosae, lens, Liparieae, loment, Loteae,
mesocarp, micropyle, Millettieae, Mimosaceae, Mimosoideae, Mirbelieae,
nutlet, Papilionaceae, Phaseoleae, plumule, Podalyrieae, Psoraleeae,
radicle, radicle lobe, raphe, replum, rim-aril, Robinieae, seed, seed
coat, Sophoreae, spermoderm, stipe, suture, Swartzieae, testa,
Thermopsideae, Trifolieae, valve, Vicieae, wing.
Joseph H. Kirkbride, Jr.
USDA-ARS, U.S. National Arboretum
Floral & Nursery Plants Research Unit
3501 New York Avenue NE
Washington, DC 20002-1958 USA
E-mail: joseph.kirkbride at ars.usda.gov
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