[Taxacom] originator of tribal rank
alec.mcclay at shaw.ca
Thu Mar 6 16:27:02 CST 2008
Here's the Oxford English Dictionary entry for
"tribe" in this sense. Obviously it's been used
loosely since even before Linnaeus but only the
last of these entries (Gray 1880) seems to refer
to it as a formal taxonomic rank. So some time a
generation or two before 1880 - doesn't narrow it down very much.
5. a. Nat. Hist. A group in the classification of
plants, animals, etc., usually forming a
subdivision of an order, and containing a number
of genera; sometimes used as superior and
sometimes as inferior to a family; also, loosely,
any group or series of animals.
1640 PARKINSON (title) Theatrum Botanicum: the
Theater of Plants..Distributed into sundry
Classes or Tribes, for the more easie knowledge
of the many Herbes [etc.]. 1667 MILTON P.L. XI.
279 O flours..Who now shall reare ye to the Sun,
or ranke Your Tribes? 1672 GREW Idea Philos.
Hist. Plants §2 We commonly say, Centaurium Majus
and Minus, Chelidonium Majus and Minus,..which
yet are distinct Species, and of very different
Tribes. 1766 Compl. Farmer s.v. Vegetable,
Vegetables, according to the analyses made of
them by chemistry, are distinguishable into two
grand tribes, the acid and the alkaline. 1774
GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1776) III. 256 This tribe of
the cat kind with spotted skins and a long tail.
1832 H. MARTINEAU Life in Wilds v, A tribe of
birds whose habit is to unite in flocks. 1880
GRAY Struct. Bot. ix. §1. (ed. 6) 326 Tribe has
been for a generation or two..established in both
kingdoms, as a grade inferior to order and superior to genus.
At 11:00 AM 08.03.06, you wrote:
>Date: Thu, 06 Mar 2008 10:38:04 +0100
>From: "Spies, Martin" <spies at zi.biologie.uni-muenchen.de>
>Subject: [Taxacom] originator of tribal rank
>To: TAXACOM <taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu>
>Message-ID: <47CFBB7C.1070608 at zi.biologie.uni-muenchen.de>
>Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-15; format=flowed
>On behalf of a colleague I am trying to find out who in the history of
>Linnean classification - in zoology or in general - started the use of
>'tribe' as a rank and/or coined the term for that rank.
>Thanks in advance for any help - here or offlist.
>c/o Zoologische Staatssammlung Muenchen
Alec McClay, Ph.D.
15 Greenbriar Crescent
Sherwood Park, Alberta
Canada T8H 1H8
Phone (780) 464-4962
Mobile (780) 953-4077
Fax (780) 410-0496
<mailto:alec.mcclay at shaw.ca>alec.mcclay at shaw.ca
or <mailto:biocontrol at mcclay-ecoscience.com>biocontrol at mcclay-ecoscience.com
Biological control, invasive species, insect-plant ecology
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