[Taxacom] Headstanders and slugs

John Clay Bruner jbruner at ualberta.ca
Thu Apr 22 12:09:57 CDT 2010


Quoting Tony.Rees at csiro.au:
> Dear Taxacomers, Bill,
> I have just recently encountered apparent homonymy between the  
> family Chilodontidae Wenz, 1938 in Gastropoda and the same family  
> name in fishes (Characiformes), for which I do not currently know  
> the author and year. There does not appear to be any ICZN  
> application or ruling on this issue, which I find somewhat  
> surprising, and neither seems to be a misspelling. Can anyone  
> clarify which would be the senior homonym, and / or shed any further  
> light on this particular instance or what may/may not be required to  
> be done to resolve it?
> Thanks in advance,
> Tony
> Tony Rees
> Manager, Divisional Data Centre,
> CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research,
> GPO Box 1538,
> Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
> Ph: 0362 325318 (Int: +61 362 325318)
> Fax: 0362 325000 (Int: +61 362 325000)
> e-mail: Tony.Rees at csiro.au

FROM:
W. N. Eschmeyer and J. D. Fong 2010. Species of Fishes by  
family/subfamily. On-line version dated dd mmm yyyy.

http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp

or:

http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp



(1.) GENUS=*Chilodus*

Chilodus Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:85 [ref. 3070]. Masc.  
Chilodus punctatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Type by monotypy. Also  
published as new in Müller & Troschel 1848:634 [ref. 3072]. On  
Official List (Opinion 1150). •Valid as Chilodus Müller & Troschel  
1844 -- (Géry 1977:214 [ref. 1597], Vari 1983:5 [ref. 5419], Isbrücker  
& Nijssen 1988 [ref. 7319], Taphorn 1992:399 [ref. 23654], Vari et al.  
1995:12 [ref. 21817], Vari & Ortega 1997:71 [ref. 22865], Vari &  
Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:85 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Chilodus  
Müller & Troschel 1844. Chilodontidae.

(2.) SPECIES:=*chilodus*

chilodus, Citherinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes  
1850:103 [Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 22; ref. 1014] Lake  
Amuku, upper Essequibo River system, Guyana. Lectotype: ZMB 23599.  
Paralectotypes: ZMB 24074 (1). Apparently an unneeded new name for and  
objective synonym of Chilodus punctatus Müller & Henle 1844. Lectotype  
designated by Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988:48 [ref. 7319] for Chilodus  
punctatus. Not treated by Vari & Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:85 [ref.  
27061]. •Synonym of Chilodus punctatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Current  
status: Synonym of Chilodus punctatus Müller & Troschel 1844  
Chilodontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fritillus, Chilodus Vari [R. P.] & Ortega [H.] 1997:72, Fig. 1  
[Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 22865]  
Río Palma Real, oxbow lagoon, 12°45'S, 69°03'W, Provincia Tambopata,  
Madre de Dios, Peru, elevation 192 meters. Holotype: MUSM 7223.  
Paratypes: MNHN 1996-1495 (1), MUSM 9683 (16), USNM 343646 (12, 3  
c&s), ZMA 121664 (2). •Valid as Chilodus fritillus Vari & Ortega 1997  
-- (Vari & Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27061]). Current  
status: Valid as Chilodus fritillus Vari & Ortega 1997 Chilodontidae.  
Distribution: Palma Real River basin and vicinity of Puerto Maldonado,  
Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Chilodus Isbrücker [I. J. H.] & Nijssen [H.] 1988:54, Fig. 5  
[Beaufortia v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 7319] Right bank tributary to Rio  
Uaupés at Trovão, about 20 kilometers upstream of mouth of Rio Uaupés,  
Amazonas State, Brazil. Holotype: IRSNB 760. Paratypes: IRSNB 761-763  
(10, 3, 1); MCZ 21434 (4); NRM 16665 (2); ZMA 120253-54 (3, 1). •Valid  
as Chilodus gracilis Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988 -- (Taphorn 1992:400  
[ref. 23654], Vari & Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27061]).  
Current status: Valid as Chilodus gracilis Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988  
Chilodontidae. Distribution: Central Amazon River basin, Brazil.  
Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Chilodus Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:85 [Archiv für  
Naturgeschichte v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 3070] Lake Amuku, upper Essequibo  
River system, Guyana. Lectotype: ZMB 23599. Paralectotypes: ZMB 24074  
(1). Also appeared in Müller & Troschel 1845:10, Pl. 4 (fig. 2a) [ref.  
3071]. Lectotype designated by Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988:48 [ref.  
7319]. •Valid as Chilodus punctatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Ortega  
& Vari 1986:12 [ref. 9708], Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988:48 [ref. 7319],  
Taphorn 1992:399 [ref. 23654], Vari & Ortega 1997:72 [ref. 22865],  
Vari & Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27061]). Current status:  
Valid as Chilodus punctatus Müller & Troschel 1844 Chilodontidae.  
Distribution: Widespread in South America: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador,  
Guyana, Peru and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

rupununi, Chilodus labyrinthicus Fowler [H. W.] 1914:230, Fig. 2  
[Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 66;  
ref. 1390] Rupununi River, Guyana, 2°-3°N, ?50°20'W. Holotype  
(unique): ANSP 39316 [not 39306]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:56 [ref.  
13621]. Longitude in errror (Vari et al. 1995:25 [ref. 21817]).  
•Synonym of Caenotropus labyrinthicus (Kner 1858) -- (Vari et al.  
1995:21 [ref. 21817], Vari & Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:85 [ref.  
27061]). Current status: Synonym of Caenotropus labyrinthicus (Kner  
1858) Chilodontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

zunevei, Chilodus Puyo [J.] 1946:183 [1], Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la  
Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 80 (1945); ref. 13090]  
Creek flowing into Itany River, Plateaux de Guyanes region, French  
Guiana. Syntypes: (2, apparently never deposited in a museum,  
whereabouts unknown). On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Chilodus zunevei  
Puyo 1946 -- (Isbrücker & Nijssen 1988:53 [ref. 7319], Géry et al.  
1991:18 [ref. 21021], Taphorn 1992:400 [ref. 23654], Planquette et al.  
1996:114 [ref. 22818], Vari & Ortega 1997:71 [ref. 22865], Vari &  
Raredon in Reis et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as  
Chilodus zunevei Puyo 1946 Chilodontidae. Distribution: French Guiana,  
Sinnamary, Approuague and Oyapock River basins: French Guiana.  
Habitat: freshwater.

(3.) REFERENCES ON *CHILODONTIDAE*

Isbrücker, I. J. H.  and H. Nijssen  1988 (30 Sept.) [ref. 7319]
Review of the South American characiform fish genus Chilodus, with  
description of a new species, C. gracilis (Pisces, Characiformes,  
Chilodontidae). Beaufortia v. 38 (no. 3): 47-56.

Roberts, T. R.   1971 (15 Jan.) [ref. 3773]
Micromischodus sugillatus, a new hemiodontid characin fish from  
Brazil, and its relationship to the Chilodontidae. Breviora No. 367:  
1-25.

Scharcansky, A.  and C. A. S. de Lucena  2007 (22 Aug.) [ref. 29251]
Caenotropus schizodon, a new chilodontid fish from the Rio Tapajós  
drainage, Brazil (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Chilodontidae). Zootaxa  
No. 1557: 59-66.

Vari, R. P.   1983 (3 May) [ref. 5419]
Phylogenetic relationships of the families Curimatidae,  
Prochilodontidae, Anostomidae, and Chilodontidae (Pisces:  
Characiformes). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 378: i-iii +  
1-60.

Vari, R. P. , R. M. C. Castro, and S. J. Raredon  1995 [ref. 21817]
The neotropical fish family Chilodontidae (Teleostei: Characiformes):  
A phylogenetic study and a revision of Caenotropus Günther.  
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 577: i-iii + 1-32.

Vari, R. P.  and H. Ortega  1997 (May) [ref. 22865]
A new Chilodus species from southeastern Peru (Ostariophysi:  
Characiformes: Chilodontidae): description, phylogenetic discussion,  
and comments on the distribution of other chilodondids. Ichthyological  
Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 1): 71-80.

-- 
         John
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* Mr. John C. Bruner                                 *
* Department of Biological Sciences                  *
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