[Taxacom] Neanderthals a species? (was: barcode of life)

Richard Pyle deepreef at bishopmuseum.org
Fri Jul 2 23:56:22 CDT 2010


Stephen,
 
You're reading too much between the lines here.
 
Rich


  _____  

From: Stephen Thorpe [mailto:stephen_thorpe at yahoo.co.nz] 
Sent: Friday, July 02, 2010 6:38 PM
To: Richard Pyle; Kenneth Kinman; taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
Subject: Re: [Taxacom] Neanderthals a species? (was: barcode of life)


caution needs to be exercised here, as it isn't perfectly clear what Rich is
asking, so if you agree with him, you might not be agreeing to what you
think you are agreeing to!
 
If I understand Rich, he thinks of speciation as arising from subspeciation
along a perfect continuum, with no non-arbitrary dividing line imposed by
the world, just up to us to "choose to suit our purposes", so reproductive
isolation just doesn't enter into it. So the question, is it species or
subspecies, is PURELY a matter of taste (lumpers vs. splitters), as is the
case for genera. Let us confine discussion to allopatric populations, as it
all becomes mindbending if you consider sympatry. Take Geodorcus sororum
again as an example. I think on Rich's view, Holloway can simply choose to
call it a distinct species or not, and no additional information is
relevant. But she evidently thinks that additional information can refute
her current opinion, so these two models of what taxonomists do would appear
to be very different...

I think Rich is misled by the existence of a continuum of
difference/reproductive isolation between populations. I think he thinks
that continuity=subjectivity, but I accept the existence of the continuum
while at the same time rejecting subjectivity of species boundaries. My
topography analogy was supposed to illustrate that, but I suspect it has
passed people by. Another example is statistics as applied to say ecology:
we want to find REAL (statistically significant) differences in the world,
but we must still choose a significance level from a continuum of
possibilities...
 
It is very difficult to disentangle several related issues here ...

 

  _____  

From: Richard Pyle <deepreef at bishopmuseum.org>
To: Kenneth Kinman <kennethkinman at webtv.net>; taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
Sent: Sat, 3 July, 2010 3:36:19 PM
Subject: Re: [Taxacom] Neanderthals a species? (was: barcode of life)


Ken, 

I wonder if you could clarify something.  You wrote:

>        These examples show how too many biologists still fail 
> to recognize just how difficult speciation actually is and 
> too often jump to the conclusion that differences 
> (morphological, genetic, or even
> behavioral) indicate speciation RATHER than subspeciation.        

It sounds (by use of the all-caps "RATHER") that you see the process of
speciation being fundamentally different from the process of subspeciation.
Is that an accurate interpretation of your views?  Or, do you see speciation
and subspeciation as different (perhaps overlapping) regions along a
continuum of processes of isolation and divergence that exist among extant
populations? (If you only emphasized "RATHER" as a way of disparaging
excessive splitting at the species level -- then we are of like-mind on this
point.)

Aloha,
Rich

P.S. I can't compete with the size of your P.S.'s, so I won't try.



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