[Taxacom] Clarification of Code's Article. 13.1.2
fwelter at gwdg.de
Sun Oct 21 05:31:05 CDT 2012
Just citing a synonym behind a new name that is not otherwise explained
does neither fit the requirements of a bibliographical reference under
Art. 13.1.2, nor that of a new replacement name under Art. 13.1.3.
There has been some offlist correspondence, so it is now clear that
Fittkau 1962 set a comma between name and author, probably suggesting that
"Tokunaga 1937" was meant as a reference in a bibliographic sense. This
solves the case in a way that the responsibility for providing the
differential description was forwarded by Fittkau 1962 to Tokunaga 1937
(this is because the case falls into Art. 13.1.2 and not 13.1.1, so that
Fittkau is out of the game and providing the differential description was
Tokunaga's job). Tokunaga 1937 cannot have given a description purported
to differentiate his or her taxon from the Linnean name (otherwise he or
she would not have classified the taxon as P. monilis Linnaeus). This
means that Fittkau's name was not made available in the 1962 source.
Establishing a new replacement name for a name "P. monilis sensu Tokunaga
1937 non Linnaeus 1758" is not possible.
Certainly I do allow the "sensu". This is probably what Fittkau liked to
> You are a bit astray here! From what I can tell, it can be
> straightforwardly interpreted as a new name for P. monilis sensu Tokunaga,
> 1937. The 'sensu" may not have been made explicit, but you have to allow
> for some room for interpretation, or we will rapidly fall into
> nomenclatural chaos!
> From: Francisco Welter-Schultes <fwelter at gwdg.de>
> To: Bohdan Bilyj <biotax at primus.ca>
> Cc: taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
> Sent: Sunday, 21 October 2012 2:15 AM
> Subject: Re: [Taxacom] Clarification of Code's Article. 13.1.2
> Without seeing the original source Fittkau 1962 it is very difficult to
> judge this case.
> For example, what do you mean by saying "citing a bibliographic reference:
> syn P. monilis Tokunaga 1937"?
> Does this mean that
> A - a bibliographical reference is cited with a description for P.
> monilis, which is stated to apply also to A. americana?
> B - you interpret just the addition of a synonym "P. monilis Tokunaga
> 1937" as a bibliographical reference?
> C - you have missed to report important additional information (and this
> is usually why it would be good if we could look at the original source).
> A - in this case the description would probably not be differential, if it
> referred to P. monilis Tokunaga 1937 and if this is an available name.
> Because, if it referred to P. monilis, then the description could not
> differentiate between P. monilis and A. americana.
> B - "P. monilis Tokunaga 1937" is a taxonomic name, even if it referred to
> a nomen nudum. Standing along this is not a bibliographical reference.
> Authorship and year in such a citation are set individually behind the
> name of the species following the conventions (in the case of a nomen
> nudum, or a name cited before the Code was in force) and the rules of the
> Code (in the case of an available name after the Code was in force) for
> authorships and for dates, not because the author intended to give a
> reference to a work. It does not mean that the work was definitely
> authored by Tokunaga and that it had definitely 1937 as its
> bibliographical date of publication. If it was an available name cited in
> 1962, the authorship was selected because Tokunaga was regarded as the
> authority having established the name, presumably under the rules of the
> second edition of the ICZN Code. The date 1937 was selected because this
> was regarded as the true date when the name was established. Citing a
> synonym alone does not satisfy the requirements of providing a
> bibliographical reference.
> C - if Fittkau added for example a page number behind Tokunaga 1937, then
> the author/year combination after the name would turn into a reference
> that was meant in a bibliographical sense. Then Art. 13.1.2 could be
> applied, but see A.
> In cases A and B the name A. americana was probably not made available.
>> Clarification of Code's Article. 13.1.2
>> I would like to determine if the following scenario results in an
>> available or unavailable name.
>> So far name satisfies Article 11 which leads me to Article 13.
>> A new species A. americana is proposed by Fittkau 1962 but without a
>> description and no type selected, instead citing a bibliographic
>> reference: syn P. monilis Tokunaga 1937. Under this name a description
>> given, but has since been pointed out that the specimens listed as
>> ?examined (122) consist of 2 possibly 3 species with insufficient
>> taxonomic resolution to accurately determine if the description
>> one species (as interpreted now) or more. The specimens are stored in
>> alcohol with only a third remaining in the Museum's collection. It has
>> also been concluded that the specimens have deteriorated to the point
>> identifying them would be very difficult. In a recent review of the
>> species from Japan, it was decided to use available synonyms to describe
>> two closely related species.
>> Only article 13.1.2 applies which states " be accompanied by a
>> bibliographic reference to such a published statement" [purported to
>> differentiate the taxon]. My interpretation of "differentiate" is to
>> separate from other species, as oppose to describe. There is no
>> definition given so it leaves me indoubt on how to apply Article 13.1.2
>> in this situation.
>> Supplementing on this example, if the cited reference had listed a jr.
>> syn. which has since been determined to be a valid separate species, so
>> that the single description includes two species, would that change the
>> outcome regarding the name A. americana as an available name?
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> Francisco Welter-Schultes
> Zoologisches Institut, Berliner Str. 28, D-37073 Goettingen
> Phone +49 551 395536
> Taxacom Mailing List
> Taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
> The Taxacom archive going back to 1992 may be searched with either of
> these methods:
> (1) by visiting http://taxacom.markmail.org/
> (2) a Google search specified as:
> site:mailman.nhm.ku.edu/pipermail/taxacom your search terms here
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Phone +49 551 395536
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