[Taxacom] US open access policy
agosti at amnh.org
Fri Feb 22 22:00:47 CST 2013
Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research: The White House on Open Access
The announcement by John P. Holdren, President Obamas' chief Science Advisor is very positive in terms of how he argues:
"Access to digital data sets resulting from federally funded research allows companies to focus resources and efforts on understanding and exploiting discoveries. For example, open weather data underpins the forecasting industry, and making genome sequences publicly available has spawned many biotechnology innovations. In addition, wider availability of peer-reviewed publications and scientific data in digital formats will create innovative economic markets for services related to curation, preservation, analysis, and visualization. (...) These policies will accelerate scientific breakthroughs and innovation, promote entrepreneurship, and enhance economic growth and job creation."
It is not about access to a single pdf, but towards building a corpus of scientific data and information that can be mined and explored.
OA It is not primarily of harm to the publishers, but a chance for the development of new businesses, new discoveries and ultimately the wealth of the nation. It is with other words a much greater chance than the potential loss occurring through a new policy. It means, that all the taxonomic work published in the US will become, the latest after one year, open access. This then is a great step towards linking, for example, in Zoobank all the new descriptions to the original publication. There is though a caveat, that is that open doesn't necessarily mean access to the published version but to the accepted manuscript. Needs to be seen. But that calls for all the authors to assure, that they can provide access to the publication.
This announcement has a direct effect an everybody with support from the US National Science Foundation http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=127043 <http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=127043&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click> &WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click
P.S. A very good summary and comment can be found in Peter Suber's blog
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