[Taxacom] Taxon suffix

Tony Rees tonyrees49 at gmail.com
Wed Nov 4 14:26:12 CST 2015


Actually there is an error in my post above, anthropologists tend to use
"hominin" to refer to a member of tribe Hominini, not subfamily Homininae,
in other words a tighter group which excludes chimpanzees, gorillas, etc.,
although technically either usage would be correct...

Regards - Tony


On 5 November 2015 at 06:30, Tony Rees <tonyrees49 at gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Alan,
>
> Because the scientific names for families (in zoology) all end with -idae
> (e.g. Canidae: dog family, Hominidae: humans and relatives), you will quite
> frequently find this transliterated into vernacular name equivalents
> (canid, hominid, both can be reasonably interpreted as belonging to the
> equivalent families), the same occasionally for subfamilies which always
> end in -inae (Homininae -> hominin for example). Sometime you see the same
> for superfamily (-oidea gets translated to -oid in the vernacular name
> equivalent), orders may be -ida or -ea (giving -idan, -ean) and more (for
> example a cetacean belongs to order Cetacea, = whales and their relatives).
>
> However there are lots of "popular" cases of -id, -oid, -idan etc. which
> have not been formed from these bases so it is a possible indication only
> so far as the reader is concerned, with many exceptions. Also above
> superfamily, zoological endings are not very standardized, for example
> "Arachnida" (giving arachnid) is a class, not an order... To confuse things
> further, botanists use -idae for subclasses, not families, thus a
> Magnoliid, for example, would be a member of that subclass if it is still
> recognised...
>
> So there is something of a convention rather than a general rule, with
> many exceptions, special cases, traps for young players, and more, however
> you may find a core of sense there sometimes...
>
> Hope this helps,
>
> Regards - Tony
>
> Tony Rees, New South Wales, Australia
> https://about.me/TonyRees
>
> On 4 November 2015 at 23:04, alan seegert <zemmo at yahoo.com> wrote:
>
>> Is there a generally accepted set of rules used to determine the ending
>> of various taxa? The -id suffix, for example, as in canid, arachnid, et al.
>> How about Coleopterid vs Coleopteran. Odonate? Any help or link
>> appreciated. I have been told that -id is a Family ending, at least in
>> entomology, but that doesn't seem to hold up.
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