[Taxacom] Homo sapiens
dyanega at ucr.edu
Thu Jan 14 13:21:06 CST 2016
On 1/14/16 10:36 AM, Richard Pyle wrote:
> Hi Doug,
> One issue with your interpretation that Linnaeus can serve as the Holotype: Holotypes must be designated within the original work (Art. 73.1.3). Linneaus neither stated nor implied in the original publication that the species-group taxon is based on a single specimen, so we cannot retroactively infer him as the holotype by monotypy (Art. 73.1.2). The "ANY EVIDENCE" (your emphasis) component of Art. 18.104.22.168 can only be used in the context of name-bearing types fixed subsequently.
Actually, that's not true: 73.1.2 explicitly cross-references 22.214.171.124
and says that external evidence CAN be used to subsequently identify the
" 73.1.2. If the nominal species-group taxon is based on a single
specimen, either so stated or implied in the original publication, that
specimen is the holotype fixed by monotypy (see Recommendation 73F
If the taxon was established before 2000 evidence derived from outside
the work itself may be taken into account [Art. 126.96.36.199
to help identify the specimen."
I was applying the "holotype by implicit monotypy" argument in this
case, as you note, and I read this Article as supporting that
interpretation. Like I said, if you can't positively identify any
syntypes, and none were mentioned, then it IS implied (to me) that the
species was based on one specimen, which therefore is the holotype by
default under 73.1.2. Mike Ivie objects to the fact that Linnaeus'
physical corpus is effectively lost, but since we can't legally
designate a neotype, that's irrelevant - lots of species have lost types
that can't be replaced until and unless there comes to be a serious
dispute about the taxon's identity.
How many syntypes can dance on the head of a pin? ;-)
Doug Yanega Dept. of Entomology Entomology Research Museum
Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0314 skype: dyanega
phone: (951) 827-4315 (disclaimer: opinions are mine, not UCR's)
"There are some enterprises in which a careful disorderliness
is the true method" - Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Chap. 82
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