[Taxacom] Homo sapiens
scott.thomson321 at gmail.com
Tue Jan 19 05:59:06 CST 2016
If you are after characterization of modern Humans from a physical
perspective, ie nothing really to do with nomenclature, I would as has been
suggested look at the paleontological publications in regards to our
closest relatives, which should have differential diagnoses which will be
helpful. For example: *Homo sapiens idaltu* - T. D. White, B. Asfaw, D.
DeGusta, H. Gilbert, G. D. Richards, G. Suwa, & F. C. Howel 2003:
Pleistocene *Homo sapiens* from Middle Awash, Ethiopia. *Nature*, *423*:
742-747. You could also look at the work done on *Homo*
is debated as either a species or subspecies. Since this debate is ongoing
there should be some characters defining the issue. Since we are
effectively a monotypic species from a living perspective it is only going
to be by comparison to our fossil relatives you will finds detailed
On Tue, Jan 19, 2016 at 9:51 AM, Francisco Welter-Schultes <fwelter at gwdg.de>
> from the nomenclatural point of view there is no such thing, a currently
> valid definition. The usage of the name Homo sapiens is based on common
> acceptance and there have certainly been proposals in the more recent
> paleontological literature how to delimit sapiens against other species or
> subspecies. These proposals would reflect the current state of research,
> taxonomically. The Linnean 1758 publication has no taxonomic relevance
> today, it is only the nomenclaturally relevant source for the name and its
> description given there is certainly not the currently accepted taxonomic
> definition of H. sapiens. You would give an incorrect statement in saying
> that this one or Gmelin's would be the current definition.
> After 1800 more human species were discovered which would also have
> matched the Linnean description for sapiens, but which were regarded to
> represent different species. From this point on the Linnean description of
> sapiens was taxonomically outdated.
> Linnaeus did not need to give a description at all. Had Linnaeus only
> given a picture of a human and a name, this would have made the name Homo
> sapiens available without any word of a description or definition.
> From the nomenclatural point of view a name of a species established
> before 1931 does not need to have a description or a definition published
> at any time in history.
> Am 19.01.2016 um 04:26 schrieb Thomas McCabe:
>> Thank you all for your responses to my request for a current
>> definition for *Homo
>> sapiens*. Since no one has come up with a definition more recent than the
>> one in Linnaeus’ last edition of *Systema natura*, as modified by Gmelin
>> and translated by Kerr (http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.57940), I
>> assume in my work that that is the current definition, while continuing to
>> look for a more recent accepted revision.
>> Thomas McCabe, M.D., M.P.H.
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