[Taxacom] Paralectotype question

Stephen Thorpe stephen_thorpe at yahoo.co.nz
Thu Apr 20 14:01:20 CDT 2017

Adam's reply seems a little confusing to me. Robert specifically stated that Orth never saw the fourth specimen, so it cannot be a paralectotype. The fact that it is from the same collecting event is irrelevant.


On Fri, 21/4/17, Adam Cotton <adamcot at cscoms.com> wrote:

 Subject: Re: [Taxacom] Paralectotype question
 To: taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
 Received: Friday, 21 April, 2017, 3:35 AM
 ----- Original Message ----- 
 From: "Robert Louis Zuparko" <rz at berkeley.edu>
 To: <taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu>
 Sent: Thursday, April 20, 2017 10:20
 Subject: [Taxacom] Paralectotype
 > In 1986, Orth designated a
 lectotype for Sepedon fuscipennis (Diptera:
 > Sciomyzidae) from a series of 3
 specimens (with basically the same labels)
 > at the MCZ, making the other 2
 specimens paralectotypes. However, some
 > years before that, a fourth
 specimen from the same series (having the same
 > labels) was sent to another
 institution, and thus Orth never saw that
 > specimen.
 > So, does that fourth specimen also
 merit paralectotype status? It is from
 > the same series, but was not
 specifically mentioned by Orth.
 > Thanks for any feedback,
 > Robert Zuparko
 > Essig Museum of Entomology
 > 1101 Valley Life Sciences
 Building, #4780
 > University of California
 > Berkeley, CA 94720-3112
 > (510) 643-0804
 All other syntypes of a taxon for which
 a lectotype is designated become 
 paralectotypes regardless of whether or
 not they are listed in the lectotype 
 designation. If you can show that the
 fourth specimen was a syntype (ie. 
 examined by the taxon author before he
 described it and not specifically 
 excluded from the type series in the
 original description) then it also has 
 paralectotype status.
 I assume that you have already checked
 the original description to see how 
 many type specimens are listed there,
 if there is such a listing. Many older 
 descriptions do not state the number of
 specimens in the type series, but it 
 is likely that the fourth specimen with
 a similar label was a syntype.
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