[Taxacom] Names and naming of dark taxa
Richard.Zander at mobot.org
Sat Feb 24 14:14:21 CST 2018
Dark taxa? How does one determine the difference between dark mutations and dark taxa? There is no innate taxon criterion in cladistics. Cluster analysis to determine how different sequences group? Is a group of similar sequences a taxon? Does a group of similar sequences imply an evolutionary process involved, maybe some evolutionary trajectory through time?
A dark taxon in a cladistic cellar at molecular night is hard to envision.
Richard H. Zander
Missouri Botanical Garden – 4344 Shaw Blvd. – St. Louis – Missouri – 63110 – USA
richard.zander at mobot.org
Web sites: http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/bfna/bfnamenu.htm and http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/resbot/
From: Taxacom [mailto:taxacom-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu] On Behalf Of Henrik Nilsson
Sent: Saturday, February 24, 2018 11:43 AM
To: taxacom at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
Subject: [Taxacom] Names and naming of dark taxa
Here’s a recent commentary on names and naming of dark taxa:
A growing proportion of fungal species and lineages are known only from sequence data and cannot be linked to any physical specimen or resolved taxonomic name. Such fungi are often referred to as “dark taxa” or “dark matter fungi”. As they lack a taxonomic identity in the form of a name, they are regularly ignored in many important contexts, for example in legalisation and species counts. It is therefore very urgent to find a system to also deal with these fungi. Here, issues relating to the taxonomy and nomenclature of dark taxa are discussed and a number of questions that the mycological community needs to consider before deciding on what system/s to implement are highlighted.
University of Gothenburg
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